Sage Suka and King Parikshit

The king thus started his fast facing north in the southern bank of Ganga on a bed of Kusa grass. The Devas showered flowers on him and the gathered Rishis were mightily pleased by his words. The king then asked the renowned holy sages on what a man should do when death is imminent.

As the sages were discussing this question of King Parikshit, by chance there arrived Suka, the sixteen year old son of Vyasa who was always merged in the bliss of Atman and wandered aimlessly. The king was very happy that on the threshold of death he got an opportunity to meet a spiritually illumined person like Sage Suka only due to Lord Krishna’s grace.

The king asked the following questions to Sage Suka after paying his respects.

  1. What is the most important duty of a man with imminent death?
  2. What should he hear, repeat and worship?
  3. What should he not do?

Sage Suka whose reputation was not to stay in a home more than the time taken to milk a cow was thus questioned respectfully by Parikshit in sweet words.

What is the most important duty of a man with imminent death?

All worldly men forget the perishable nature of wealth, managing household affairs and sexual pleasures and spend half of their whole lifespan in such mundane things. Hari, the all pervading Lord is to be heard, praised about and remembered always by those who want to attain the state of fearlessness. The ultimate object is the attainment of a birth entirely devoted to the Lord. During the end of the Dwapara Yuga, the sage learnt Bhagavata from his father Veda Vyasa which he was going to explain to the king.

A man who knows that death is imminent should with a fearless mind abandon everything and take bath in the several holy rivers. He should then sit in a solitary spot and contemplate on the sound Om and control his mind and senses. The mind should then be made objectless and merged with the Consciousness-Bliss that is the Lord.  Repeated practice of concentration will strengthen the mind and remove weakness.

The king asked: How is concentration practiced? Where should one concentrate? How does it remove the weakness and impurities in the mind?

The sage replied that man should focus on the gross form of the lord with the help of understanding, Viratpurusha the cosmic divinity. The Viratpurusha’s body parts are described below.

Patala Underside of feet
Rasatala Heels and upper part of feet
Mahatala Ankle
Talatala Foreleg
Two knees Sutala
Two thighs Vitala and Atala
Hips Earth sphere
Deep Navel Sky, Bhuvarloka
Chest Swarga
Neck Maharloka
Face Janaloka
Forehead Tapoloka
Head Satyaloka
Arms Indra and Devas
Ears Quarters
Ears Hearing
Nose Aswins and smelling
Mouth Burning fire
Eye-balls Sky
Eyes Sun and Moon
Eyelids Day and night
Brow Brahma Loka
Four sides Water
Tongue Taste
Brahma-Randhra at his crown Vedas
Molars Yama
Teeth Expression of love
Smile Infactuating Maya
Glance Limitless creation
Upper lip Modesty
Lower lip Greed
Breast Dharma
Back Adharma
Generative organ Prajapati
Testicles Mitra and Varuna
Abdomen Oceans
Bones Mountains
Blood vessels Rivers
Hair Trees
Breath Powerful wind
Movement Evolution of Prakrithi with three gunas
Locks of hair Clouds
Wearing cloth Dusk
Heart Unmanifested Prakrithi
Mind Moon, source of all soft emotions.
Chitta Mahatathwa (Cosmic intelligence)
Ego-sense Rudra
Nails Animals like elephant, camel, horse and mule
Waist Animals like cow , deer. Bhurloka
Craftmanship Birds
Intelligence The first Manu
His Abode Man
His musical tunes Celestial artists like Gandharvas
Prowess Asuras
Face Brahmanas
Arm Kshatriya
Thigh Vaishya
Feet Sudra

A spiritual seeker should concentrate exclusively on this gross cosmic body of the Lord.

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